Flattening the curves: on-off lock-down strategies for COVID-19 with an application to Brazil

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by: Luís Tarrataca, Claudia Mazza Dias, Diego Barreto Haddad and Edilson Fernandes De Arruda


The current COVID-19 pandemic is affecting different countries in different ways. The assortment of reporting techniques alongside other issues, such as underreporting and budgetary constraints, makes predicting the spread and lethality of the virus a challenging task. This work attempts to gain a better understanding of how COVID-19 will affect one of the least studied countries, namely Brazil. Currently, several Brazilian states are in a state of lock-down. However, there is political pressure for this type of measures to be lifted. This work considers the impact that such a termination would have on how the virus evolves locally. This was done by extending the SEIR model with an on / off strategy. Given the simplicity of SEIR we also attempted to gain more insight by developing a neural regressor. We chose to employ features that current clinical studies have pinpointed has having a connection to the lethality of COVID-19. We discuss how this data can be processed in order to obtain a robust assessment.

link to website: https://mathematicsinindustry.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s13362-020-00098-w

link to PDF file: https://www.ifors.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/s13362-020-00098-w.pdf