Government Policy For Urban Poor Community Management In Developing Countries: Case Study - Thailand

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Urban poor community development programs have significantly improved the lives of slum dwellers and increased the quality of life for residents, but the discussion concerning ways to set up the policy for urban community development remains in the conceptual stage. However, in this paper, we will discuss the most important factors for government agencies when considering how to set up the policy. For this research, we collected and analyzed data using both qualitative and quantitative methods. From the data analysis, we discovered that the seven key factors of community-driven housing development and management are: (1) community spiritual life; (2) community savings; (3) community cooperation (4) housing development participation; (5) community organization; (6) operations research; and (7) leadership. The government policies that must be established for the management of urban poor communities are: (1) land management policy; (2) decentralization; and (3) land banking policy. Our recommendations in this paper will also be relevant to developing countries similar to Thailand such as Laos, Vietnam, India, Mexico, the Philippines, Cambodia, and South Africa.

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